Using gait parameters to recognize various stages of Parkinson's disease

Elham Rastegari, Vivien Marmelat, Lotfollah Najjar, Dhundy Bastola, Hesham H. Ali

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Monitoring gait patterns seamlessly and continuously over time provides valuable information that could help physicians diagnose diseases in the early stages. Currently, traditional gait measurement approaches do not support continuous monitoring of gait and focus on collecting limited data points in controlled lab environments. However, with advancements in wireless technology, movement patterns can be recorded using small portable wearable devices. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressively disabling neurodegenerative disorder that is affecting gait and posture and consequently leads to higher risk of falling. Several research studies have looked into changes in the gait parameters of PD patients compared to healthy adults. However, there are only few studies with the focus on gait assessment of PD patients in the early stages as compared to patterns associated with patients at advanced stages. In addition, the number of gait-related studies in this domain using accelerometers on ankle is very limited. Knowing which body location could serve as a target place for accelerometers to provide accurate information is a necessary step toward the health assessment of PD patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the gait parameters of patients with mild or moderate PD using accelerometers on ankles. A number of gait parameters, including average stride time, stride time variability, stride time symmetry, and oscillation of acceleration in the mediolateral (ML) direction were calculated and compared between PD patients and healthy elderlies. Preliminary results indicate that features extracted from accelerometers on ankles can be effective in differentiating between healthy elderlies and PD patients at mid-stages of disease but less so at earlier stages of disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017
EditorsIllhoi Yoo, Jane Huiru Zheng, Yang Gong, Xiaohua Tony Hu, Chi-Ren Shyu, Yana Bromberg, Jean Gao, Dmitry Korkin
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1647-1651
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781509030491
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2017
Event2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017 - Kansas City, United States
Duration: Nov 13 2017Nov 16 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017
Volume2017-January

Other

Other2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017
CountryUnited States
CityKansas City
Period11/13/1711/16/17

Keywords

  • Gait patterns
  • Parkinson's Disease
  • data analystics
  • early diagnosis
  • preventive healthcare
  • wearble devices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics

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  • Cite this

    Rastegari, E., Marmelat, V., Najjar, L., Bastola, D., & Ali, H. H. (2017). Using gait parameters to recognize various stages of Parkinson's disease. In I. Yoo, J. H. Zheng, Y. Gong, X. T. Hu, C-R. Shyu, Y. Bromberg, J. Gao, & D. Korkin (Eds.), Proceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017 (pp. 1647-1651). (Proceedings - 2017 IEEE International Conference on Bioinformatics and Biomedicine, BIBM 2017; Vol. 2017-January). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/BIBM.2017.8217906