Using the heat generated from electrically conductive concrete slabs to reduce antibiotic resistance in beef cattle manure

Zachery R. Staley, Christopher Y. Tuan, Kent M. Eskridge, Xu Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Proper treatment is necessary to reduce antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in livestock manure before land application. Conventional stockpiling suffers unreliable removal efficiency, while composting can be complicated and expensive. The objective of this study was to test the feasibility of a novel heat-based technology, i.e., stockpiling manure on conductive concrete slabs, to inactivate ARB and ARGs in beef cattle manure. In this study, two independent bench-scale trials were conducted. In both trials, samples were taken from manure piles on conductive concrete slabs and regular slabs (i.e., heated and unheated piles). In the heated pile of the first trial, 25.9% and 83.5% of the pile volume met the EPA Class A and Class B biosolids standards, respectively. For the heated pile of the second trial, the two values were 43.9% and 74.2%. In both trials, nearly all forms of the total and resistant Escherichia coli and enterococci were significantly lower in the heated piles than in the unheated piles. Besides, significant reduction of ARGs in heated piles was observed in the first trial. Through this proof-of-concept study, the new technology based on conductive concrete slabs offers an alternative manure storage method to conventional stockpiling and composting with respect to reduce ARB and ARGs in manure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number144220
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume768
DOIs
StatePublished - May 10 2021

Keywords

  • Antibiotic resistance genes
  • Antibiotic resistant bacteria
  • Conductive concrete technology
  • Heat
  • Livestock manure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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