Utilization of crystalline or protein-bound lysine for growth and carcass traits of barrows and gilts fed individually or in groups

J. J. Colina, P. S. Miller, A. J. Lewis, R. L. Fischer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

An experiment consisting of two 4-wk trials was conducted to determine Lys use for growth and carcass traits in barrows and gilts fed individually or in groups. One hundred twelve growing pigs (56 barrows and 56 gilts; average initial BW of 18.6 kg) were used in each trial. Pigs were fed individually or in groups of 3. There were 28 pigs individually penned, and 84 pigs in 28 pens (3 pigs/pen). There were 2 replications per treatment in each trial for a total of 4 replications. Dietary treatments consisted of a corn- soybean meal (SBM) basal diet (0.48% Lys) and diets containing 0.56%, 0.65%, and 0.74% standardized ileal digestible (SID) Lys that were achieved by adding Lys to the basal diet from either SBM or crystalline source as L-Lys HCL (CLys). At the end of each trial, all pigs were scanned using real-time ultrasound to determine 10th-rib back fat depth and LM area, and fat-free lean gain (FFLG) was calculated. Blood samples were taken from all pigs weekly to determine plasma urea N (PUN). Pigs fed CLys and Lys from SBM were not different in final BW, ADG, ADFI, or G:F. The ADG and G:F increased linearly (P < 0.01) as dietary Lys concentration increased. The SID Lys intake increased linearly (P < 0.01) as dietary Lys concentration increased and was not different when comparing pigs fed diets with CLys or SBM. The amount of SID Lys required per unit of growth or BW gain increased linearly (about 13 to 15.50 g/kg) in pigs fed either CLys or SBM Lys. Pigs fed individually had a greater (P < 0.05) ADG (0.59 vs. 0.57 kg) and ADFI (1.36 vs. 1.29 kg) than pigs fed in groups. The SID Lys intake was greater (P < 0.05) in pigs fed individually in comparison with pigs fed in a group (8.51 vs. 8.06 g/d). Fat-free lean gain and LM area increased (P < 0.01) as dietary Lys concentration increased regardless of Lys source. Pigs fed CLys diets had a greater (P < 0.05) LM area than pigs fed SBM at 0.74% SID Lys. Gilts had a greater (P < 0.01) LM area (14.28 vs. 13.58 cm2) and FFLG (264 vs. 245 g/d) than barrows. Pigs fed individually with CLys had less (P < 0.01) PUN than pigs fed Lys from SBM. Barrows fed individually had less (sex × feeding method, P < 0.01) PUN than gilts (26.75 vs. 29.32 g/100 mL). The results indicate that Lys from SBM-bound and CLys source were utilized similarly for growth and carcass traits regardless of sex or feeding method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3780-3787
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of animal science
Volume91
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Carcass traits
  • Crude protein
  • Growth performance
  • Lysine
  • Pigs
  • Plasma urea nitrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Genetics

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