Vagal neuroeffector mechanisms affecting transpulmonary pressure in the intact rat

J. R. Haselton, A. Y. Reynolds, H. D. Schultz

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Abstract

Experiments were conducted with chloralose-urethan anesthetized rats to assess the effects of 1) bilateral stimulation of the cervical vagus nerves and 2) parasympathomimetic and sympathomimetic agents. Transpulmonary pressure (Ptp) was used as an index of airway smooth muscle tone, and peak inspiratory Ptp (Ptp(peak)) values were used for a comparison of responses. In untreated animals, vagal stimulation elicited an increase in Ptp(peak) of 155%. Cooling of the vagus nerves to 15°C abolished the response of Ptp(peak) to vagal stimulation. Although isoproterenol (1-10 μg/kg iv) did not alter resting Ptp(peak), it did prevent vagal stimulation from evoking an increase in Ptp(peak). Nadolol (1.5 mg/kg iv) augmented the increase in Ptp(peak) elicited by vagal stimulation. Vagal stimulation did not evoke any change in Ptp(peak) after the administration of both nadolol and atropine or after combined administration of nadolol, atropine, and either serotonin aerosol or prostaglandin F(2α). In rats pretreated with capsaicin 1 wk before the experiment, vagal stimulation evoked an increase in Ptp(peak) that was not statistically different from that of untreated control animals. Therefore, nonadrenergic noncholinergic systems did not appear to play an independent role in the response of the airways to the activation of the vagus nerves.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1233-1241
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Volume79
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Keywords

  • muscarinic receptors
  • nonadrenergic noncholinergic system
  • vagus nerve
  • β-adrenergic receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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