Vancomycin usage is often unavoidable in pregnant patients; however, literature suggests vancomycin can cross the placental barrier and reach the fetus. Understanding the mass transit of vancomycin to the fetus is important in pregnancy. We aimed to (i) identify a relevant population pharmacokinetic (PK) model for vancomycin in pregnancy and (ii) estimate PK parameters and describe the mass transit of vancomycin from mother to pup kidneys. Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats (i.e., trimester 1 and trimester 3) received 250 mg/kg vancomycin once daily for three days through intravenous injection via an internal jugular vein catheter. Vancomycin concentrations in maternal plasma and pup kidneys were quantified via liquid chromatography- tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Multiple compartment models were fitted and assessed using a nonparametric approach with Pmetrics. A total of 10 vancomycin- treated rats and 48 pups contributed PK data. A 3-compartment model adjusted for trimester fit the data well (maternal plasma Bayesian, observed versus predicted R2 = 0.978; pup kidney Bayesian, observed versus predicted R2 = 0.999). The mean rate constant for vancomycin mass transit to the pup kidney was 0.72 h21 for trimester 1 dams and 0.75 h21 for trimester 3 dams. Median vancomycin concentrations in pup kidneys from trimester 3 were significantly higher than those in trimester 1 (8.62 versus 0.36 mg/mL, P < 0.001). Vancomycin transited to the fetus from the mother and was; kidney accumulation differed by trimester. This model may be useful for a translational understanding of vancomycin distribution in pregnancy to ensure efficacious and safe doses to both mother and fetus.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy|
|State||Published - May 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases