Variability in preventive care practices among US adults with diabetes mellitus

Lorena Baccaglini, Adams Kusi Appiah, Mahua Ray, Fang Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Introduction Patients with diabetes are advised to follow standard medical care including daily blood glucose and foot checks, eye examinations with pupil dilation, and cholesterol checks to prevent diabetes-related complications. It is unclear how these practices currently vary across different US population subgroups. The objective of this study was to assess variation in overall and individual diabetes care practices and identify specific factors associated with differences in these practices in a representative sample of US diabetic adults. Research design and methods Cross-sectional data were from the 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Survey logistic regression was used to account for the complex sampling design. Results Among 30 780 eligible participants, 8957 (equivalent to 28% of the target population) followed all four diabetes care practices. Insulin-dependent participants had higher adjusted odds (adjusted OR=2.95; 95% CI 2.62 to 3.31) of following all four diabetic care practices compared with those who did not. Cost-related variables (having healthcare coverage and/or a personal doctor) were positively associated with diabetes care practices, with the strongest association observed for adherence to more costly practices (annual eye examination and cholesterol check) versus less costly ones (daily blood glucose check, daily foot check). Conclusions Our findings suggest the need for diabetes care practice-specific and population subgroup-specific public health interventions to encourage early adherence to diabetic care practices and reduce complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere001861
JournalBMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 19 2021


  • blood glucose self-monitoring
  • cholesterol
  • eye
  • foot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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