Variations in Criteria for Eligibility Determination for Early Intervention Services with a Focus on Eligibility for Children with Neonatal Complications

Allison G. Dempsey, Rachel H. Goode, Marcos T. Colon, Phil Holubeck, Hisham Nsier, Katherine Zopatti, Howard Needelman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this policy review is to describe data on eligibility determination practices for early intervention (EI) services across the United States as they particularly relate to eligibility determination for children seen in neonatal follow-up clinics. METHOD: Policy information was gathered from posted information on state EI websites and confirmed through follow-up phone calls. Information collected included definition of delay, approved measures for developmental assessment, and inclusion criteria for medically at-risk status based on birth weight, prematurity, and/or neonatal abstinence syndrome/prenatal exposure. RESULTS: States varied widely across enrollment practices and policies. Forty percent of states defined eligibility based on percent delay (vs SD). Thirty-five states had criteria for enrollment based on birth weight and/or prematurity, and 19 states specifically allowed enrollment for an infant with neonatal abstinence syndrome. CONCLUSION: Providers working in neonatal follow-up clinics should be carefully educated about the eligibility criteria and approved tests for assessing development in the states in which they practice, recognizing that there is obvious and significant variability across states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)646-655
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP
Volume41
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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