Background: The frequency of ascending aortic dissection in patients with Turner syndrome in the United States remains largely unknown with data surmised from published case reports or case series. Dissection of other vascular structures has only rarely been reported in this patient cohort. Recent European data identified aortic dissection to be a relatively rare event in a group of adult women with Turner syndrome. We sought to evaluate the prevalence of, and risk factors for, vascular dissection in women with Turner syndrome followed in the United States. Method: Retrospective review of all adult patients (age > 18 years) with Turner syndrome seen by any medical care provider within 2 medical systems covering a 5 state referral base was performed. Demographic, clinical, surgical and imaging variables of interest were recorded. Results: Vascular dissection occurred in 16 (4.1%) of the 393 adult women and prophylactic aortic replacement occurred in 14 (3.5%). Only 35% of patients were under the care of a cardiologist with the remainder followed exclusively by other care providers. Vascular dissections occurred in the ascending & descending aorta as well as pulmonary artery and cerebral vessels. In addition to bicuspid aortic valve, and prior cardiac surgery, risk factors for vascular dissection included rural residence and lack of ongoing care by a cardiologist. Conclusion: Transition to adult cardiology subspecialty care is lacking in patients with Turner syndrome. Aortic dissection is not uncommon. Ongoing interaction with a cardiologist is essential to optimize cardiac outcomes in those with cardiac risk factors and may best be accomplished with centralized multidisciplinary clinics.
- Congenital heart disease
- Pulmonary artery
- Turner syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine