Vasoregulation by the β1 subunit of the calcium-activated potassium channel

Robert Brenner, Guillermo J. Peréz, Adrian D. Bonev, Delrae M. Eckman, Jon C. Kosek, Steven W. Wiler, Andrew J. Patterson, Mark T. Nelson, Richard W. Aldrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Small arteries exhibit tone, a partially contracted state that is an important determinant of blood pressure. In arterial smooth muscle cells, intracellular calcium paradoxically controls both contraction and relaxation. The mechanisms by which calcium can differentially regulate diverse physiological responses within a single cell remain unresolved. Calcium-dependent relaxation is mediated by local calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. These 'calcium sparks' activate calcium-dependent potassium (BK) channels comprised of α and β1 subunits. Here we show that targeted deletion of the gene for the β1 subunit leads to a decrease in the calcium sensitivity of BK channels, a reduction in functional coupling of calcium sparks to BK channel activation, and increases in arterial tone and blood pressure. The β1 subunit of the BK channel, by tuning the channel's calcium sensitivity, is a key molecular component in translating calcium signals to the central physiological function of vasoregulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)870-876
Number of pages7
JournalNature
Volume407
Issue number6806
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 19 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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    Brenner, R., Peréz, G. J., Bonev, A. D., Eckman, D. M., Kosek, J. C., Wiler, S. W., Patterson, A. J., Nelson, M. T., & Aldrich, R. W. (2000). Vasoregulation by the β1 subunit of the calcium-activated potassium channel. Nature, 407(6806), 870-876. https://doi.org/10.1038/35038011