Vehicle-to-barrier communication during real-world vehicle crash tests

Samil Temel, Mehmet C. Vuran, Mohammad M.R. Lunar, Ronald K. Faller, Cody Stolle

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


Vehicle-to-barrier (V2B) communication is a recently introduced vehicular communication technology, which aims to facilitate wireless interactions between vehicles and roadside barriers in next-generation vehicular systems. V2B systems will help mitigate single-vehicle, run-off-road (RoR) crashes, which account for a large proportion of roadside crash fatalities. RoR crashes may not be addressed by existing vehicular communication systems, such as vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure. Today, orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is vastly utilized in vehicular communication systems. Thus, there is a need to understand the signal characteristics of the channel, especially just before and during a crash. To this end, the first real-world crash test measurement results for OFDM-based V2B communications are presented herein based on two crash tests. These tests include a bogie vehicle crash test into a soil embedded post at an impact velocity of 27 mph and a Toyota sedan crash test into a concrete curb with an impact velocity of 15 mph, conducted at the outdoor proving grounds of Midwest Roadside Safety Facility (MwRSF), Lincoln, Nebraska. Experiment results illustrate the characteristics of V2B OFDM communication during vehicle encroachment and crash. The results highlight the adverse effects of vehicle encroachment and crash on OFDM signals, in terms of average received signal strength, peak to average power ratio, error vector magnitude, and phase error.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference, VNC 2016
EditorsOnur Altintas, Eylem Ekici, Michael Tsai, Miguel Sepulcre, Bastian Bloessl, Yu-Lin Wei
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
ISBN (Electronic)9781509051977
StatePublished - Jul 2 2016
Event2016 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference, VNC 2016 - Columbus, United States
Duration: Dec 8 2016Dec 10 2016

Publication series

NameIEEE Vehicular Networking Conference, VNC
ISSN (Print)2157-9857
ISSN (Electronic)2157-9865


Other2016 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference, VNC 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States


  • OFDM impairments
  • Vehicle-to-barrier communications
  • vehicle crash

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Automotive Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Transportation


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