Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potential (VEMP) Test-retest Reliability in Children

Elizabeth Fuemmeler, Amanda I. Rodriguez, Megan Thomas, Tom Creutz, Denis Fitzpatrick, Kristen L. Janky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Objective: Vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) are short-latency muscle potentials measured from the neck (cervical VEMP; cVEMP) or under the eyes (ocular VEMP; oVEMP), which provide information regarding function of the saccule and utricle, respectively. VEMPs are reliable when performed in adults; however, reliability of VEMPs in children is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to determine the test-retest reliability of c- and oVEMP testing in normal control children. Study Design: Prospective. Setting: Hospital. Patients: Ten adults, 14 adolescent children and 13 young children with normal hearing. Interventions: c- and oVEMP testing were completed across two test sessions in response to air-conduction 500 Hz tone-burst and impulse hammer stimuli. Additionally, oVEMP was completed using eyes-open and eyes-closed conditions. Main Outcome Measures: Intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated to determine the reliability of c- and oVEMP outcomes. Results: When using air-conduction stimuli, c- and oVEMP amplitudes are reliable across test sessions in normal control children and adults. With impulse hammer stimuli, cVEMP amplitudes showed high reliability; however, oVEMP amplitudes showed low reliability in both eyes-open and eyes-closed conditions. Comparison between eyes-open and eyes-closed oVEMP conditions revealed shorter latencies and higher peak-to-peak amplitudes in the eyes-open condition. Conclusions: In this small cohort of normal control children, cVEMPs are reliable using air-conduction and impulse hammer stimuli and oVEMPs are reliable using air-conduction stimuli in the eyes-open condition. oVEMP in eyes-closed conditions were less reliable compared with eyes-open conditions and resulted in a large number of absent responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E1052-E1059
JournalOtology and Neurotology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Sep 1 2020


  • Pediatrics
  • Reliability
  • Vestibular
  • Vestibular evoked myogenic potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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