Vibration energy harvesting for wireless underground sensor networks

Salman Kahrobaee, Mehmet C. Vuran

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent developments in wireless underground communication have enabled the realization of underground sensor network applications. To this end, it is desirable to provide a sustainable operation for wireless underground sensor networks (WUSNs) with extended lifetimes as maintenance is significantly costly. One promising method towards sustainable operation is to harvest energy underground based on the vibration sources in the environment. However, to the best of our knowledge, underground vibration energy harvesting has not been investigated before. In this paper, the feasibility of vibration energy harvesting for WUSNs is investigated. First, an analytical framework is developed to model the maximum harvestable power by a piezoelectric energy harvester at a certain depth underground, due to an above-ground vibration source. Then, field experiments are conducted to measure the vibration in an agricultural testbed and evaluated the harvestable output power. The results from this study illustrate the feasibility of vibration energy harvesting as a promising approach to be considered for the future underground sensor networks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2013 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2013
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1543-1548
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781467331227
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Event2013 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2013 - Budapest, Hungary
Duration: Jun 9 2013Jun 13 2013

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Communications
ISSN (Print)1550-3607

Other

Other2013 IEEE International Conference on Communications, ICC 2013
Country/TerritoryHungary
CityBudapest
Period6/9/136/13/13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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