Virtual laparoscopic surgical skills practice using a multi-degree of freedom joystick

Chun Kai Huang, Michael J. Head, Carl A. Nelson, Dmitry Oleynikov, Ka Chun Siu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to compare three different surgical skills practice environments while performing a virtual laparoscopic surgical training task using a multi-degree of freedom joystick, a commercial manipulator or a training box. Nine subjects performed a virtual peg transfer task and their upper extremity muscle effort and fatigue were measured. The results demonstrated a similar muscle effort and fatigue of the upper extremity among the three training environments. Subjects with medical backgrounds used significantly higher muscle effort when they performed the training task using the joystick than the manipulator, but used similar muscle effort between the joystick and the training box. This study suggests that the multi-degree of freedom joystick could provide more options to practice virtual laparoscopic surgical training tasks with muscle effort and fatigue similar to other traditional training boxes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedicine Meets Virtual Reality 21, NextMed/MMVR 2014
PublisherIOS Press
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9781614993742
StatePublished - 2014
Event21st Medicine Meets Virtual Reality Conference, NextMed/MMVR 2014 - Manhattan Beach, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 20 2014Feb 22 2014

Publication series

NameStudies in Health Technology and Informatics
ISSN (Print)0926-9630
ISSN (Electronic)1879-8365


Conference21st Medicine Meets Virtual Reality Conference, NextMed/MMVR 2014
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityManhattan Beach, CA


  • Virtual reality
  • electromyography
  • surgical training
  • upper extremity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics
  • Health Information Management


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