Visual assays of transformation in plant cells.

V. Walbot, J. R. de Wet, M. Fromm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We discuss the utility of visual assays for the expression of genes introduced into plant cells. Such assays are valuable for both transient and stable gene expression studies. We review the properties of three visual assays that are already in use or under development phase for maize and other cereal crops. These assays depend on the expression of beta-galactosidase, luciferase, or structural genes required for anthocyanin pigment biosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-188
Number of pages6
JournalBasic life sciences
StatePublished - 1987
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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