Void analysis of hadronic density fluctuations at the quark-hadron phase transition

Rudolph C. Hwa, Qing Hui Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

The event-to-event fluctuations of hadron multiplicities are studied for a quark system undergoing second-order phase transition to hadrons. Emphasis is placed on the search for an observable signature that is realistic for heavy-ion collisions. It is suggested that in the two-dimensional y-φ space the produced particles selected in a very narrow pT window may exhibit clustering patterns even when integrated over the entire emission time. Using the Ising model to simulate the critical phenomenon and taking into account a pT distribution that depends on the emission time, we study in the framework of the void analysis proposed earlier and find scaling behavior. The scaling exponents turn out to be larger than the ones found before for pure configurations without mixing. The result is insensitive to the precise scheme in which we simulate the time evolution of the quark system. Thus it should reveal whether or not the dense matter created in heavy-ion collisions is a quark-gluon plasma before hadronization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054904
Pages (from-to)549041-549048
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Volume64
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics

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