Voltage-gated sodium channel expression and action potential generation in differentiated NG108-15 cells

Jinxu Liu, Huiyin Tu, Dongze Zhang, Hong Zheng, Yu Long Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The generation of action potential is required for stimulus-evoked neurotransmitter release in most neurons. Although various voltage-gated ion channels are involved in action potential production, the initiation of the action potential is mainly mediated by voltage-gated Na+ channels. In the present study, differentiation-induced changes of mRNA and protein expression of Na+ channels, Na+ currents, and cell membrane excitability were investigated in NG108-15 cells.Results: Whole-cell patch-clamp results showed that differentiation (9 days) didn't change cell membrane excitability, compared to undifferentiated state. But differentiation (21 days) induced the action potential generation in 45.5% of NG108-15 cells (25/55 cells). In 9-day-differentiated cells, Na+ currents were mildly increased, which was also found in 21-day differentiated cells without action potential. In 21-day differentiated cells with action potential, Na+ currents were significantly enhanced. Western blot data showed that the expression of Na+ channels was increased with differentiated-time dependent manner. Single-cell real-time PCR data demonstrated that the expression of Na+ channel mRNA was increased by 21 days of differentiation in NG108-15 cells. More importantly, the mRNA level of Na+ channels in cells with action potential was higher than that in cells without action potential.Conclusion: Differentiation induces expression of voltage-gated Na+ channels and action potential generation in NG108-15 cells. A high level of the Na+ channel density is required for differentiation-triggered action potential generation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number129
JournalBMC Neuroscience
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 25 2012

Keywords

  • Action potential
  • NG108-15 cell
  • Na+ channel
  • Patch clamp
  • Single-cell real-time PCR
  • Western blot

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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