Volumetric neuroimaging in usher syndrome: Evidence of global involvement

G. Bradley Schaefer, John B. Bodensteiner, James N. Thompson, William J. Kimberling, Jennifer M. Craft

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Usher syndrome is a group of genetic disorders consisting of congenital sensorineural hearing loss and retinitis pigmentosa of variable onset and severity depending on the genetic type. It was suggested that the psychosis of Usher syndrome might be secondary to a metabolic degeneration involving the brain more diffusely. There have been reports of focal and diffuse atrophic changes in the supratentorial brain as well as atrophy of some of the structures of the posterior fossa. We previously performed quantitative analysis of magnetic resonance imaging studies of 19 Usher syndrome patients (12 with type I and 7 with type II) looking at the cerebellum and various cerebellar components. We found atrophy of the cerebellum in both types and sparing of cerebellar vermis lobules I-V in type II Usher syndrome patients only. We now have studied another group of 19 patients (with some overlap in the patients studied from the previous report) with Usher syndrome (8 with type I, 11 with type II). We performed quantitative volumetric measurements of various brain structures compared to age- and sex-matched controls. We found a significant decrease in intracranial volume and in size of the brain and cerebellum with a trend toward an increase in the size of the subarachnoid spaces. These data suggest that the disease process in Usher syndrome involves the entire brain and is not limited to the posterior fossa or auditory and visual systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of medical genetics
Volume79
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Keywords

  • Encephalopathy
  • MRI
  • Quantitative neuroimaging
  • Retinitis pigmentosa
  • Schizophrenia-like psychosis
  • Sensorineural hearing loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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