Weight Gain After Antiretroviral Therapy Initiation and Subsequent Risk of Metabolic and Cardiovascular Disease

the A5322 Study Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background. Weight gain following initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is common. We assessed the impact of changes in weight in the year following ART initiation with subsequent cardiometabolic disease among AIDS Clinical Trials Group (ACTG) participants. Methods. Linear regression models were fit to examine the association between change in weight/waist circumference (WC) in weeks 0–48 and change in metabolic parameters in weeks 0–48 and 48–96. Cox proportional hazard models were fit to examine the association between changes in weight/WC in weeks 0–48 and diabetes mellitus (DM), metabolic syndrome, or cardiometabolic and cardiovascular events after week 48. Results. Participants (N = 2624) were primarily male (81%) and non-White (60%). Mean weight gain from 0–48 weeks was 3.6 kg (SD 7.3); 130 participants developed DM; 360 metabolic syndrome; 424 any cardiometabolic event; 28 any cardiovascular event, over 480 weeks of follow-up. In adjusted models, total cholesterol increased by 0.63 mg/dL (95% confidence interval [CI] [.38, .089]) and LDL by 0.39 mg/dL (0.19, 0.59) per 1 kg increase in weight from weeks 0 to48. Participants who experienced >10% weight gain (vs -5% to 5%) had an increased risk of DM (hazard ratio [HR] 2.01, 95% CI [1.30, 3.08]), metabolic syndrome (HR 2.24, 95% CI [1.55, 2.62]), and cardiometabolic outcomes (HR 1.54, 95% CI [1.22, 1.95]). Participants who lost more than 5% of their baseline weight had a lower risk of incident metabolic syndrome (HR 0.67, 95% CI [0.42, 1.07]). Trends for WC were similar. Conclusions. Weight and body composition changes in the first year following ART initiation are associated with contemporaneous changes in metabolic parameters and subsequent cardiometabolic disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)395-401
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Infectious Diseases
Volume78
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2024

Keywords

  • ART initiation
  • HIV
  • cardiovascular disease
  • metabolic disease
  • weight gain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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