Weight loss is associated with improved quality of life among rural women completers of a web-based lifestyle intervention

Patricia A. Hageman, Joseph E. Mroz, Michael A. Yoerger, Carol H. Pullen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction The evidence for whether weight loss following longer-term lifestyle interventions results in improved health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is inconclusive. This study examines whether women who lose weight after completing an 18-month web-based lifestyle modification intervention would report a corresponding improvement in HRQoL as measured using the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System 29-item profile (PROMIS-29 v1.0). Methods Data from 216 rural women, ages 40 to 69, with baseline and 18-month PROMIS-29 data were analyzed in this secondary analysis of the Women Weigh-in for Wellness clinical trial. This trial promoted lifestyle modification for initial weight loss (baseline to 6 months) and guided weight loss (6 months to 18 months) using a web-delivery format. Results After adjusting for age, number of comorbidities, change in physical activity from baseline, intervention group, and baseline PROMIS-29 scores, change in weight was associated with improved health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in the domains of depression, physical function, pain interference, fatigue, and satisfaction with social role. Logistic regressions, adjusting for the same factors, indicated women with ≥ 10% weight loss were more likely to report lower depression, higher physical function and less pain interference, compared to women who gained weight or lost < 5%. Conclusions Among our rural women, a loss in weight from baseline appeared to be associated with overall improvement in multiple PROMIS-29 v 1.0 domains, noting the likelihood of achieving improvement was significantly higher among women who attained ≥ 10% weight loss. These findings may positively influence a woman’s adherence to lifestyle modification weight loss and weight maintenance program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0225446
JournalPloS one
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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