What do the theories of Egon Brunswik have to say to medical education?

Robert S. Wigton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Every day physicians make judgments about patient management and diagnosis based on less than perfect information from many different sources. Judgment and decision-making research has taught us a great deal about such decisions, but these insights rarely find their way into the medical curriculum. One productive line of investigation in the study of judgment and decision making has followed the insights and theories developed by the psychologist, Egon Brunswik. His theories are becoming increasingly relevant to modern judgment problems. In this paper, I outline Brunswik's theories, trace their development over the last 50 years and speculate on what role they should play in medical education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-121
Number of pages13
JournalAdvances in Health Sciences Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • Clinical judgement
  • Decision rules
  • Judgement analysis
  • Lens model
  • Medical curriculum
  • Medical decision making

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education


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