What drives import refusals?

Kathy Baylis, Martens Andrea, Lia Nogueira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) proposed to revamp its international and domestic screening system, and is the subject of a new-food safety bill. An importer first needs to submit information identifying the product, its quantity, country of origin, shipper, manufacturer, and importer to export a food product to the US. If the product is refused entry, the importer is informed, and may provide further information supporting the product's compliance or a plan to bring the product into compliance, such as relabeling. A decrease in employment by US industry is positively correlated with refusals. Although not strongly significant, a decrease in import price also leads to more refusals. Lobbying expenditure increases the number of refusals for those sectors and times where there is a high volume of imports. Decrease in employment for a particular sector is correlated with a higher number of refusals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1477-1483
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Agricultural Economics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics


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