Who are the children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder? a school-based survey

Robert Reid, John W. Maag, Stanley F. Vasa, Gregg Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is one of the most frequently diagnosed and thoroughly researched disorders of childhood; however, little is known about ADHD in the school setting. We examined demographic data, disability categories, placement, academic achievement, and educational treatment of children clinically diagnosed as having ADHD among a group of 14,229 students in a public school district. Of 136 students with ADHD, over half (n = 77) were receiving special education services: Forty were identified as behaviorally disordered, 22 as learning disabled, 7 as mildly mentally retarded, 1 as other health impaired, and 1 as orthopedically handicapped. The most common special education placement for students with ADHD was the general education classroom plus resource support (n = 50). Mathematics and reading achievement scores varied greatly. Over 90% of the students with ADHD were taking medication. Behavior modification, consultation, one-to-one instruction, and modified assignment format were used significantly more often with students with ADHD who were receiving special education services than students with ADHD who were not receiving special education services. Implications for research and practice are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)117-137
Number of pages21
JournalThe Journal of Special Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Rehabilitation


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