Wild Buckwheat Is Unlikely to Pose a Risk to Buckwheat-Allergic Individuals

Julie A. Nordlee, Rakhi Panda, Joseph L. Baumert, Richard E. Goodman, Steve L. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) is a commonly allergenic food especially in Asia where buckwheat is more commonly consumed. Wild buckwheat (Polygonum convolvulus, recently changed to Fallopia convolvulus) is an annual weed prevalent in grain-growing areas of the United States. Wild buckwheat is not closely related to edible buckwheat although the seeds do have some physical resemblance. A large shipment of wheat into Japan was halted by the discovery of the adventitious presence of wild buckwheat seeds over possible concerns for buckwheat-allergic consumers. However, IgE-binding was not observed to an extract of wild buckwheat using sera from 3 buckwheat-allergic individuals either by radio-allergosorbent test inhibition or by immunoblotting after protein separation by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Furthermore, the extract of wild buckwheat was not detected in a buckwheat enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay developed with antisera against common buckwheat. Thus, wild buckwheat is highly unlikely to pose any risk to buckwheat-allergic individuals. The common names of plants should not be a factor in the risk assessment for possible cross-allergenicity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)T189-T191
JournalJournal of food science
Volume76
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2011

Keywords

  • Allergy
  • Buckwheat
  • Grain
  • Wild buckwheat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

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