This paper revisits James Jacobs' interest in prison gangs. We first address criminologists' neglect of labor corruption, then discuss the street and prison gangs with which Jacobs was concerned and societal responses to them. Subsequent trends in street gangs and efforts to control them are reviewed and compared to recent organized crime control efforts. Special attention is given to civil gang injunctions (CGIs), the most popular civil remedy for street gangs, and special problems they create for prison gang members who return to their communities. Research and policy in this area require that the great variety among communities as well as street and prison gangs be recognized.
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