Youth Needs at Intake into Trauma-Informed Group Homes and Response to Services: An Examination of Trauma Exposure, Symptoms, and Clinical Impression

Patrick M. Tyler, Irina Patwardan, Jay L. Ringle, Mary B. Chmelka, W. Alex Mason

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Trauma-informed care is recommended to improve the quality of group home services for youth. Youth exposure to trauma and associated symptoms are important factors involved in making the clinical impression that determines treatment services. This study considered three dimensions of trauma (exposure, symptoms, and clinical impression) to determine associations with behavioral incidents of youth in trauma-informed group homes and how trauma was related to changes in psychopathology from intake to discharge. Archival records of youth (N = 1,096), age 9–18 (M = 15.7 years) who received services from January 2013 to December 2017, and departed the program were used. Statistical procedures included hierarchical linear modeling and analysis of covariance. Results indicated trauma symptoms predicted emotional problems and self-injurious behavior. Youth in high- and low-trauma groups both showed decreases in behavioral incidents and psychopathology, but clinical impression of trauma moderated the change in emotional problems from intake to discharge. Youth deemed by clinicians to have lower trauma (based on history of maltreatment and expression of trauma symptoms) had greater decrease in emotional problems from admission to discharge. Limitations and implications for further research on implementation and effectiveness of trauma-informed models are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-332
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican Journal of Community Psychology
Volume64
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Assessment and treatment
  • Children and adolescents
  • Group homes
  • Residential care
  • Trauma-informed care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Applied Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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