Zonal differences in ethanol-induced impairments in fluid-phase endocytosis in rat hepatocytes

Kenneth B. Camacho, Dean J. Tuma, Carol A. Casey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously shown that ethanol administration impairs the processes of fluid-phase endocytosis (FPE) and receptor-mediated endocytosis (RME) in isolated rat hepatocytes after as early as 1 week of ethanol administration. The defects in RME were most prominent in the parivenule (PV) region of the liver lobule, the area wherein alcoholic liver disease has been shown to start and predominate. We undertook the present study to see if changes in FPE were likewise more apparent in the PV versus the periportal (PP) region of the liver. For these studies, we fed male Sprague-Dawley rats with an ethanol-supplemented liquid diet or an isocaloric control diet for 1 or 5 weeks. PV and PP hepatocytes were isolated using a digitonin-collagenase perfusion method. Internalization and efflux of the marker dye, Lucifer Yellow, was then examined in the cell populations. After as early as 1 week of feeding, cells from the PV region in ethanol-fed animals showed dramatic impairments in the net internalization of dye, compared with PV cells from the pair-fed controls, and these changes persisted throughout the 5-week feeding period. In contrast, internalization of Lucifer Yellow in cells from the PP region of the liver were not different between control and ethanol animals. Because net internalization represents the balance between uptake into the cells versus efflux from the cells, we examined these components individually. Early uptake of the dye into the cell was not altered by ethanol treatment. The decreased net internalization seemed to be caused by enhanced efflux of the dye, which was significantly increased in PV cells, compared with the same cell type in control animals. Cells from the PP region of the ethanol-fed animals did not exhibit altered efflux after either 1 or 5 weeks of feeding. These results indicate that ethanol-induced impairments in FPE are more dramatic in the PV region of the liver, and these impairments seem to result from an ethanol-induced enhancement of efflux.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)589-594
Number of pages6
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Ethanol
  • Fluid-Phase Endocytosis
  • Hepatocytes
  • Liver Zonation
  • Rats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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